Edwards lab notes

From MolEvol
Revision as of 10:19, 5 August 2014 by Ejmctavish (talk | contribs) (Phybase, an R module for estimating, analyzing and simulating species trees)

Tutorial here


To start the lab:

log into the cluster


   module load bioware


copy the lab exercise files to your home directory

  cp -r /class/molevol-shared/edwards_lab .
  cd edwards_lab

for each section of the tutorial, cd in the appropriate directory.


BEST

Liu (2008) Bioinformatics, 24:2542-2543
Liu & Pearl (2007) Syst Bio 56:504-514

Examine the input file format – It's a modified MrBayes file BEST block:

partition Genes = 30:
locus097,locus098,locus118,locus119,locus120,locus122,locus130,locus104,locus129,locus143,locus146,locus111,locus13
5,locus148,locus182,locus200,locus209,locusB098,locus184,locus185,locus186,locus187,locus188,locus192,locu
s193,locu
s195,locus198,locus199,locusB200,locus103;
set partition=Genes;
taxset species1=P_acuticauda;
taxset species2=P_hecki;
taxset species3=P_cincta;
taxset species4=T_guttata;
prset thetapr=invgamma(3,0.003) GeneMuPr=uniform(0.5,1.5) best=1;
unlink to
pology=(all) brlens=(all) statefreq=(all) genemu=(all);
mcmc ngen=10000000 samplefreq=100 nrun=2 nchain=1;
quit;
end;


Log on to the cluster

Open BEST

   best
   Best> execute finch-best-star-steac.nex

When analysis is done you can type:

   Best> execute  finch-best-star-steac.nex.sumt

Examine output files (similar to mrBayes): Finch_BEST.nex.run1.p, Finch_BEST.nex.run2.p, Finch_BEST.nex.sptree.con, and *.t, *.parts, *.tprobs files

MP-EST maximum (pseudo)likelihood estimation of species trees

Liu et al.(2010) BMC Evolutionary Biology,10:302

You need:
 1. rooted gene trees (some missing taxa ok; right now, just one sequence per species; all gene trees must have outgroup; 
 branch lengths not necessary)
 2. control file: (“Maluridae_control.txt”)contains information on where the gene treesare, how the gene tree OTUs map onto species, etc.

Maluridae_gene.trees

0
3
18 26
Kalkadoon_Grasswren 1 Kalkadoon_Grasswren
Grey_Grasswren 1 Grey_Grasswren
Carpentarian_Grasswren 1 Carpentarian_Grasswren
...
White_shouldered_fairy_wren 1 W
hite_shouldered_fairy_wren
White_winged_Fairy_Wren 1 White_winged_Fairy_Wren
White_throated_Gerygone 1 White_throated_Gerygone
0
(((((((Kalkadoon_Grasswren,Dusky_Grasswren),Black_Grasswren),Eyrean_Grasswren),Thick_billed_Grasswren),(Grey_Grasswren,(
Carpent
arian_Grasswren,Striated_Grasswren)),Short_tailed_Grasswren),((((Lovely_Fairy_wren,Red_winged_Fairy_wren,Blue_breast
ed_Fairy_wren,Variegated_Fairy_Wren),((((Superb_Fairy_wren,Splendid_Fairy_wren),(Red_backed_Fairy_wren,White_shouldered_
fairy_wren)),Purple_
crowned_Fairy_wren,White_winged_Fairy_Wren),Emperor_Fairy_Wren)),(Southern_Emu_wren,(Mallee_emu_
wren,Red_crowned_Emu_Wren))),(Broad_billed_Fairy_Wren,Orange_crowned_Fairy_wren))),White_throated_Gerygone);

Run mp-est

  mpest Maluridae_control.txt 

Output tree search (Maluridae_gene.trees.tre) will be in Nexus format; examine last (mp-est) tree in file for results. Branch lengths are in coalescent units, unless length > 9 in which case length is 9.

Phybase, an R module for estimating, analyzing and simulating species trees

a. Making a STAR tree: Input file: rooted or unrooted gene trees in phylip or nexus format. But if trees are unrooted, you must first root them to make a STAR tree (can be done in R).

  cd Phybase

call up R (type ‘R’)

To install phybase in R:

  R

All commands after the '>' should be entered into R.

  >install.packages("../molevol-software/phybase_a.tar.gz",repos = NULL, type="source")

Respond Y to the questions it will ask about installing locally.

  > library(phybase)
  > setwd("/Scott/MBL/MBL_2014/Lab")

sets working directory -makes accessing files easier, but should not be necessary on the cluster, if you opened R from the PHYBASE directory.

   > wrentrees<-read.tree.string(file="Maluridae.trees",format="phylip")

variable genetrees has 3 values: vector of trees; species names; and TRUE or FALSE for rooted or note.

   > wrengenetrees<-wrentrees$tree

extracts trees from the file and assigns them to variable “genetreevector”

   > wrentaxanames<-species.name(wrengenetrees[1])

gets gene tree names from the first gene tree;make sure this gene tree has all taxa in it.

   > wrenspnames<-species.name(wrengenetrees[1])

assigns same names to species tree as in first gene tree Now, link names in gene tree with names in species tree via a matrix called “species.structure”

   > wrentreematrix<-matrix(0,26,26)

a matrix for 26 species, filled with 0s

   > diag(wrentreematrix)<-1

1s on the diagonal indicate a 1-to-1 correspondence of gene and speciesnames now, make a star tree:

   > wrenstartree<-star.sptree(wrengenetrees,speciesname=wrenspnames,taxaname=wrentaxanames,species.structure=wrentreematrix,outgroup="White_throated_Gerygone",method="nj")

Now write the STAR tree to a nexus of newick file:

   > write.tree.string(wrenstartree, file="wrenstartree.nex")
   > write.tree.string(wrenstartree, format="phylip",file="wrenstartree.phy")

Representing species trees as matrices and simulating gene trees will wait for another time. The Phybase manual has useful instructions for these two topics.

The multilocus bootstrap

  R
  > library(phybase)

Input file for DNA sequence data: same as for BEST (Nexus/mrbayes file with BEST block) read in a sequence file

   > wrenfile<-"Maluridae_seqs.nex"

assign DNA sequences in that file to a variable "wrenfile"

   > wrendata<-read.dna.seq(wrenfile)
   > wrensequence<-wrendata$seq

assigns sequences in wrensequence to the file “wrendata”

   > wrengenes<-wrendata$gene

assign gene partitions to variable "wrengenes"

   > wrennames<-wrendata$name

get taxa names–these are the OTUs in the gene trees

   > write.dna(sequence=wrensequence, file= "wrenseqs.phy", format="phylip", name=wrennames)

can export DNA sequence in nexus of phylip format bootstrap the data set

   > bootstrap.mulgene(sequence=wrensequence, gene=wrensgene, name=wrennames, boot=100,outfile="wrenboot_seqs_100.txt")

To quit R

   > q()

Can look at bootstrapped data set using nano or other text editor

   nano wrenboot_seqs_100.txt

Multilocus bootstrap replicates can be used for many species tree methods, such as STAR, MDC, MP-EST,STEM, and many other species tree methods.

References:

Castillo-Ramírez, S., L. Liu, D. Pearl, and Edwards m S. V. 2010. Bayesian estimation of species trees: a practical guide to optimal sampling and analysis, Pages 15-33 in L. L. Knowles, and L. S. Kubatko, eds. Estimating Species Trees: Practical and Theoretical Aspects. New Jersey, Wiley-Blackwell.

Edwards,S. V., L. Liu, and D. K. Pearl. 2007. High-resolution species trees without concatenation. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (USA) 104:5936-5941.

Edwards, S. V. 2009. Is a new and general theory of molecular systematics emerging? Evolution 6 3:1-19.

Kubatko, LS. 2009. Identifying Hybridization Events in the Presence of Coalescence via Model Selection, Systematic Biology 58(5): 478-488.

Liu, L. (2008). BEST: Bayesian estimation of species trees under the coalescent model. Bioinformatics (Oxford, England),24(21), 2542–3. doi:10.1093/bioinformatics/btn484

Liu, L., L. Yu, and S. Edwards. 2010. A maximum pseudo-likelihood approach for estimating species trees under the coalescent model. BMC Evolutionary Biology 10:302.

Liu, L., L. Yu, D. K. Pearl, and S. V. Edwards. 2009. Estimating species phylogenies using coalescence times among sequences. Syst Biol 58:468-477.

Liu, L., Yu L., & Pearl D. K. 2009. Maximum tree: a consistent estimator of the species tree. Journal of Mathematical Biology 60(1): 95-106

Liu, L., L. Yu, L. Kubatko, D. K. Pearl, and S. V. Edwards. 2009. Coalescent methods for estimating phylogenetic trees. Mol Phylogenet Evol 53:320-328.

Liu, L., D. K. Pearl, R. T. Brumfield, and S. V. Edwards. 2008. Estimating species trees using multiple-allele DNA sequence data. Evolution 62:2080-2091.

Liu, L., and D. K. Pearl. 2007. Species trees from gene trees: reconstructing B ayesian posterior distributions of aspecies phylogeny using estimated gene tree distributions. Syst Biol 56:504-514.